A comparative content-analysis of the sermons of Patriarchs Alexy II and Cyril

12/27/2011

 Currently under preparation: Release No.31 Parish Life

The sociological agency Sreda (The Environment) has set itself the task of identification of the frequency of utterances of certain lexemes in Patriarchal sermons. In the course of research (see Research Methodology Description below), were analyzed sermons by Patriarchs of Moscow and All Russia, Alexis II and Cyril, delivered in 2005 to 2008, and 2009 to 2011, respectively, with the total amount of more than 1.5 million characters.

The results showed that most frequently, Patriarchs Cyril and Alexis uttered the name of the Lord Our God. Patriarch Cyril would on average pronounce the word God 150 times per 10,000 words, not counting the word Lord. Patriarch Alexis used to pronounce the word God a bit less often; he preferred to use the word Lord instead (approx. 120 mentions per 10,000 words).

As regards the noun human, Patriarch Cyril uttered it nearly five times more often than Patriarch Alexis had done. It is also worth mentioning that human in any of its word-forms is just one of many examples of a big difference in utterances of the two Patriarchs.

For instance, in his sermons Patriarch Cyril uttered the word Russia five times less often than Patriarch Alexis. The same applies to the words Fatherland and feat – in his 2009 – 2011 sermons, Patriarch Cyril uttered them 4 – 5 times less often than Patriarch Alexis had done in 2005 – 2008.

In Patriarch Alexis’s sermons, the word prayer sounded three times more often; the words Christ, Savior, penitence and joy – 2 – 3 times more often. At the same time, he had pronounced the words force and sin 2 – 3 times less often than Patriarch Cyril did.

On the other hand, Patriarch Cyril used the word understanding by a factor of ten more often than Patriarch Alexis used to do. In his sermons, Patriarch Cyril referred to the words law and verity nearly 10 times, truth – 7 times, and power – 5 times more frequently than his predecessor.

Of the words duty, history, family and death, Patriarch Alexis used to speak approximately as many times as his successor; both did it not too often, however.

The word values uttered by Patriarch Cyril approx. 10 times per 10,000 words had practically not been used by Patriarch Alexis.

It is the words man and woman that appeared the outsiders of the list of the Patriarchs’ ‘favorite words’: their occurrence varies from 0 to 1 – 2 per 10,000 words.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY DESCRIPTION

We analyzed the texts of Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia’s sermons released regularly at http://www.patriarchia.ru/ since 2005.

The texts of the sermons were downloaded in mid-October 2011; no sermons released thereupon were taken into account.

The total ‘weight’ of Patriarch Alexis II’s sermons of 2005 – 2008 considered in the study was 112,605 characters (spaces included), or 15,922 words rounded up to 16,000 words for convenience.

The total ‘weight’ of Patriarch Cyril’s sermons of 2009 – 2011 considered in the study was 1,483,626 characters (spaces included), or 220,597 words rounded down to 220,000 for convenience.

The number of utterances was counted automatically by the WordStat statistically-based textual analysis tool.

When counting the utterance frequency of a word, all its forms and derivatives were taken into consideration. The exception was the words used in one form only. Thereby, in most cases the final total of utterances of a word represented the total of utterances of a corresponding group of words. For instance, in case of counting the occurrences of the noun human, the final result included the total of utterances of this word in all grammatical cases plus of its derivatives – adjectives, etc.

In the chart below, the number of utterances is presented per 10,000 words. With this purpose, the final total of a group of words was multiplied by the coefficient (K) different for each Patriarch and calculated by the formula ’10,000 divided by the total amount of words in all sermons.’ For Patriarch Alexis II, this coefficient equaled to: K = 10000/16000 = 0.625; for Patriarch Cyril, it equaled to: К.=10000/220000 = 0.0454.

© by Sergei Bolotov, PhD,

specially for the Sreda (The Environment) Agency

Комментарии экспертов к итогам опроса

(Русский) Протоиерей Владимир Вигилянский, настоятель храма мученицы Татианы при МГУ

ПРОБЛЕМА ТЕКСТА И КОНТЕКСТА

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The given research is quite interesting. However it reveals some trends only indirectly: regretfully, the issue of utterance frequency of certain words and notions in no way reflects the problem of ideas and senses which represents the main difference between the two Patriarchs. His Holiness Patriarch Cyril has significantly expanded the scope of the addressees of his sermons (as partially seen from the chart); however the chart fails to reflect the most specific features of his addressing the flock. Besides, as the linguists say, the text is actualized by the context, while the said research is dealing with the former solely, fully neglecting the latter. One of the main tasks of Patriarch Cyril’s sermons is to evangelize the people, reveal the links between the Holy Writ and the contemporary problems, and search for the Evangelical answers to the most vital questions.


(Русский) Кирилл Мозгов, преподаватель церковнославянского языка, истории христианской миссии и катехизации, руководитель издательства Свято-Филаретовского православно-христианского института

В СЛОВАХ ПАТРИАРХА КИРИЛЛА ЗВУЧИТ ТЕМА РАЗВИТИЯ МИССИИ И УСТРОЕНИЯ КАТЕХИЗАЦИИ

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Patriarchal sermons are addressed to all the Church and all the people. That is why, everyone wants to find there answers to their questions, their problems, to get inspiration and support. Besides, a sermon is understandable when it is uttered clearly, accessibly and nicely. So its nearness to a person equally depends upon its topic, content and form.
Regarding the shift in the accents of Patriarchal sermons since Cyril became Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, I may say that it is natural that such accents may be changing during one person’s lifespan, for the life itself is changing and suggesting new challenges. Patriarch Cyril often speaks of the necessity of a conscious attitude to faith. Lately, he calls upon the clergy and laity to take more responsibility for the church life. He also constantly speaks of development of mission and catechization as a necessary prerequisite to enter the Church.
One may agree that Patriarch Cyril enunciates his sermons in a more contemporary language that Patriarch Alexis used to do. So it is no mere chance that the audience of his Pastor’s Word always included church-goers as well as those who may not even be called as Orthodox believers. His sermons have always been attracting attention of very different people, to a great extent due to his ability to address his contemporaries and make himself listened to.


(Русский) Елена Жосул, советник председателя Синодального информационного отдела, заведующая кафедрой журналистики и PR Российского православного университета святого Иоанна Богослова.

ПРИ АНАЛИЗЕ ПОДОБНЫХ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ НАДО ОТКАЗАТЬСЯ ОТ СЛИШКОМ СПРЯМЛЕННЫХ И ЛОЖНЫХ ПО СУТИ СВОЕЙ ВЫВОДОВ

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Sorry, this entry is only available in Russian.


Роман Лункин, ведущий научный сотрудник Института Европы РАН Роман Лункин, ведущий научный сотрудник Института Европы РАН

ОБЩЕСТВО ХОЧЕТ СЛЫШАТЬ ТО, ЧТО ПАТРИАРХ НАЗВАЛ «БОЖЬЕЙ ПРАВДОЙ»

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(Русский) Александр Морозов, шеф-редактор Русского журнала, директор Центра медиаисследований УНИК

В СВОЕМ ЯДРЕ РУССКАЯ ЦЕРКОВНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ ОСТАЕТСЯ НЕПОВРЕЖДЕННОЙ, ВСЕГДА МОЛИТВЕННОЙ И ОРИЕНТИРОВАННОЙ НА СПАСЕНИЕ

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Sorry, this entry is only available in Russian.



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