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Православная вера и российское гражданство: неразделимы или не связаны? Результаты всероссийского опроса

(Русский) Православная вера и российское гражданство: неразделимы или не связаны?


(Русский) Связаны ли друг с другом православная вера и российское гражданство или их не стоит смешивать? Мнения опрошенных россиян разделились поровну.

Как меняются медиа-аудитории - Интернет растет - радио и пресса сокращаются - ТВ стоит на месте - всероссийский опрос службы Среда

(Русский) Как меняются медиа-аудитории? Интернет растет, радио и пресса сокращаются, ТВ стоит на месте


(Русский) 71% смотрят телевидение почти каждый день. 43% граждан регулярно пользуются Интернетом.

Три четверти россиян считают, что православие необходимо России

Three-quarters of Russians believe that Russian Orthodoxy is necessary in Russia


Most Russians believe that Russian Orthodoxy is necessary in Russia. More often Orthodox people, pensioners, women and residents of the Central Federal District agree with this statement.

#54. Which path leads to church?


Which paths lead people to God? For many centuries, this question has been debated among theologians, historians, and anthropologists. Independent research organization “Sreda” has decided to focus on one aspect: the causes that compel them to attend church services.

Identity. Patriots and potential emigrants


Research organization Sreda explores the self-perception of Russians based on the degree of their belonging to different types of identity.

The “believers” and the “religious”


Continuing the series of studies of faith and religiosity of Russians, the research organization Sreda tried to analyze groups of “believers” and the “religious”

Visiting services, fasting, wearing a cross, and praying


Most Russians attend services several times a year or less. 5% of Russians observe Lent. 14% of Russians pray every day. 35% of Russians wear a cross.

The Russian Orthodox Church: out of date or modern?


17% of Russians agree that the Russian Orthodox Church is conservative and out of date, 47% with the fact that the church has kept pace with time – such data is from a nationwide survey.

Test for neighbors: Who do Russians prefer not to live next to?


Most Russians do not want to live next door to drug addicts (82%) and people who often drink alcoholic beverages (62%) – as per data from a nationwide survey. The third place in “anti-neighbor” rating is divided between HIV-positive people (41%), people with a homosexual orientation (39%) and ex-convicts (37%). Also, the Russians do not want migrants as their neighbors.

About Distrust and Dislike of Russians: How are the inhabitants of Russia disposed to Muslims, Jews, and Muscovites?


Every fourth Russian does not trust the Muslims or Jews. One in seven has an aversion to the Muscovites.

Mythical classes: The self-identified “middle class,” “intellectuals,” and “entrepreneurs”


54% of Russians refer themselves as to “middle class”, 33% – to “intelligentsia”, and 13% are ready to start their own business. Results of nationwide survey in Russia, commissioned by the Service Sreda (field work: FOM-Penta, 1500 respondents, 2012) .

“Society of Political Consumers”: We want a change, but not by our own effort


69% of Russians think that the political system of the country needs serious changes, and 19% would like to leave everything as it is.

Faith, trust, and elections. Who do believers vote for? Should priests have an active political position?


61% of Russians say they trust Putin, 30% – do not trust him.

A comparative content-analysis of the sermons of Patriarchs Alexy II and Cyril


The sermons of Patriarchs Alexy II (from 2005-2008) and Cyril (2009-2011) were analyzed. The total is more than a million and a half printed characters. The sociological agency Sreda (The Environment) has set itself the task of identification of the frequency of utterances of certain lexemes in Patriarchal sermons.

Fear of death


Less than a quarter of Russians frequently think about death; less than a third fears it.

Church censorship in the media


42% of Russians believe it permissible to censor the media by the Russian Orthodox Church.

#20. Liturgical language


37% of Russians are in favor of changing the language of church services and translating it from old Church Slavonic into Russian. The translation is also favoured by the Orthodox themselves (43%), with the exception of a small number of those who regularly take Communion.

Interest in Orthodoxy and demand for the spiritual education


37% of Russians would like to expand their knowledge about Orthodoxy. 19% of the respondents want to get additional religious education.

Unfriendly attitude in Orthodox churches


86% of Russians have not faced with an unfriendly attitude in Orthodox churches. 8% of respondents say they faced with the unfriendliness of the clergy, 11% of respondents faced the unfriendliness of the elderly parishioners.

Astrology, evil eye and fortune-telling


More than half of all Russians believe in the possibility of the evil eye and spoilage, more than a third admit that they listen to astrological forecasts and more than a fifth of Russians have resorted (or resort) to fortune telling.

How do Russians assess the activities of the Patriarch Cyril?


53% of Russians appreciate the public benefit from the activities of the Patriarch, and only 7% give it a bad score.

Orthodox Christianity as the state religion


30% of Russians are in favor of giving Orthodox Christianity the status of state religion.

Demographic situation and market rationality


For the normal reproduction of the country’s population, according to different estimates, 2.15 – 2.7 children per woman are needed. According to the survey, more than 10% of the respondents have three children, 32% have one child, 34% – two children.

Charity involvement


39% of Russians take part in charity events, and help those in need; 14% of respondents believe that charity does more harm than good.

Scientist as a religious person


The scientific study of religious experience is possible, according to a survey of experts, but still the attitude towards religious researchers is biased.

Science and Religion


74% of Russian citizens are sure that the world is knowable, and 85% of respondents believe in science.

Peace, Islam and Terrorism


93% of Russians believe that people of different faiths in Russia should live in a peaceful neighborhood with each other.

The Russian demographic problems: Patriarch Cyril’s proposals


According to official data, 1.6 – 1.7 million abortions are performed in Russia each year. Experts believe that the «Proposals for the improvement of family and child care policy» by Patriarch Kirill were needed; however, they believe that these proposals will not influence the state policy.

The demographic problem


19% of Russians admit that their child or several children were not born because of abortion.

Separation of the Christians as a mistake which must be corrected


30% of Russians believe the division of Christians into the Orthodox, Catholics and Protestants is a historical mistake that can and should be corrected. Women and urban residents are most likely to think this way. 39% cannot say anything about it, and 31% of the citizens do not consider it a mistake that needs to be corrected.

The attitude of young people towards the Russian Orthodox Church


40% of Russians believe that the attitude of young people to the Russian Orthodox Church has improved, 11% of the respondents said that relations deteriorated.

Social and political activity of the Russian Orthodox Church


48% of Russians do not consider the social and political activity of the Russian Orthodox Church excessive. On the contrary, 26% of respondents agree.

The beliefs of Russians


Responding to a question about their religion, 82% of respondents chose answers that mean faith in God. 5% of respondents were undecided or chose the option “other”, and only 13% said that they “do not believe in God.”



26% of respondents agree with the statement: ‘I believe in the resurrection after death’, and 54% – disagree.